I was unable to enter the Ancient burial ground as it was surrounded by a barbed wired fence. Needless to say, It was cool just to be there, and I tried to zoom in as close as possible. What I found interesting was, the Sierra Vista Cemetery is directly across the road from the burial ground. Interesting because the Spanish ruling of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico began in 1598. Although they numbered to as many as 80,000 people at that time, were hostile to each other and were unable to unite in opposition to the Spanish. Revolts against Spanish rule were frequent and the Spanish ruthlessly took issue. The Pueblos found themselves at the mercy of Spanish overlords, soldiers, priests, and their Mexican Indian allies. Additionally, the Spanish suppressed the religious ceremonies of the Pueblo. Violence, forced labor, and European diseases reduced the Pueblo population to about 15,000 by the late 17th century. More to come on the Sierra Vista Cemetery.
HISTORY of the Tewa
The Tewa, they were also known as ‘Tano’ are a linguistic group of Pueblo American Indians who speak the Tewa language and also share in the Pueblo culture. The made their home near the Rio Grande of New Mexico.
The Arizona Tewa descendants of those who fled the Second Pueblo Revolt of 1680-1692, live mostly on the Hopi Reservation.
The Pueblo Indians were able to successfully revolt against Spanish colonization in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, which cast out the Spanish for 12 years. The Tewa religious leader, along with a number of other Pueblo leaders, planned and orchestrated the Pueblo Revolt in 1680. The code for the action was a knotted rope sent by runner to each pueblo; the number of knots signified the number of days to wait before beginning the uprising. It began on August 10, 1680; by August 21, Santa Fe fell to 2,500 warriors. The revolt cost 400 Spanish lives, including 21 of the 33 priests in New Mexico.
On September 22, 2005, a statue of Popé, the leader of the Pueblo Revolt, was unveiled in the Capitol Rotunda in Washington, D.C. The statue was the second one from the state of New Mexico and the 100th and last to be added to the Statuary Hall collection. It is the only statue in the collection created by a Native American, in this case, Cliff Fragua, a Puebloan from Jemez Pueblo.
Tanoan is one of five languages spoken by the Pueblo people of New Mexico.
Villages in New Mexico still occupied by the Tewa Indians;
> Nambe, about 16 miles north of Santa Fe.
> San Juan, near the eastern bank of the Rio Grande 25 miles northwest.
> Tesuque, 8 miles north of Santa Fe.
> San Ildefonso, near the eastern bank of the Rio Grande, about 18 miles northwest
of Santa Fe.
> Hano, the easternmost pueblo of Tusayan, Arizona.
> Santa Clara, on the western bank of the Rio Grande, about 30 miles above Santa.
Tewa, Tiwa, Jemezbelong, Pecos, and Pico people have now merged to be the Kiowa-Tanoan.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OXVsJJpe1Nc “Tiwa song Traditional harvesting dance”
****** Research included visiting the site, speaking to local people in Taos, NM, genealogy sites and other sources. *If any corrections are needed, please let me know.